The last decade of the 20th century ushered in a world-wide phenomenon called Globalization. It completely changed the way the world’s economy functioned. With the weakening of the socialist and communist ideologies in East Europe and Asian giants like the former USSR and China, capitalist economy as a model to follow gained currency. A number of countries such as India opened their doors to imports and foreign goods began flooding these vast markets. Industrial, business, academic and cultural collaborations between countries received encouragement; people travelled more and engaged with others from different socio-cultural backgrounds and traditions.
So much for the positive fall-outs of Globalization. There were many negatives too. A number of economists feel that the faulty predictions of financial boom-time engendered by the tenets of globalization and the ideas it promoted, led to reckless financial behaviour on the part of many corporates and financial institutions, that in turn led to one of the most serious recessionary trends in world economy. This recession gravely affected the lives of millions of people and thousands of families across the globe. It especially dealt a severe body blow to the so called developed, ‘first world’ countries in the west, shaking the foundations of the social security/welfare economy that these societies thrived upon.
Neither India nor Great Britain has been left untouched by the effects of Globalization. But the interesting fact is that they have both been touched in very different ways indeed. The exhibition, “Des Pardes: The Challenge of the Glocal”, proposes to bring together the works of about 50 artists, that offer a perspective and an interesting take on this theme. Des Pardes is a compound Hindi word of opposites meaning ‘motherland-foreign land’. The word encompasses within itself the idea of spiritual, intellectual and physical conflict that the opposition suggests. Glocal is a popular amalgamation of the words ‘global’ and ‘local’, having almost the same meaning as Des Pardes, but because it has internalized the conflict into a single word, its connotations are much more positive. The artworks reflect the essence of the theme of Globalization in the way that the artist has understood it and its effects.